A Navajo hogan in Arizona
The traditional home of the Diné (Navajo) was a structure made of tree
bark, poles, and earth called a hogan.
Many Diné (Navajo) continue to build and live in hogans today.
Imagine that you are looking down on a hogan with its roof removed. The hogan
is a circle divided into four sections by the supporting poles. The doorway
(framed by double poles) faces to the east to welcome the morning sun.
If you look closely at the inner design of this basket, you see a break
or pathway in the pattern.
That pathway corresponds to the doorway of the hogan. The coiling
on the basket ends at the pathway so it can be felt in the dark, allowing
the basket to be turned to the east even if the pattern cannot be seen.
Navajo tribal web site: http://www.navajo.org/