The Union of England and Scotland (Charles I as the Prince of Wales)
On View In:
Gallery 313
Artist:   Peter Paul Rubens  
Title:   The Union of England and Scotland (Charles I as the Prince of Wales)  
Date:   1633-1634  
Medium:   Oil on gessoed wood (oak) panel  
Dimensions:   33 1/4 x 25 7/8 in. (84.46 x 65.72 cm) (panel)  
Credit Line:   The William Hood Dunwoody Fund  
Location:   Gallery 313  

King Charles I of England commissioned Rubens to paint a ceiling mural for the Banqueting House at Whitehall Palace in London. This is an oil sketch for the portion of the mural celebrating the power of the Stuart monarchy and the reign of James I, Charles' deceased father. In this painting the child represents young Prince Charles, the embodiment of the union of England and Scotland. Three women crown him: the woman in red personifies England; the woman in yellow represents Scotland; and the third is Minerva, goddess of wisdom and war. Above them two cherubs hold the coat-of-arms of the United Kingdom.

Name:   Rubens, Peter Paul  
Nationality:   Flemish  
Life Dates:   Flemish, 1577 - 1640  

Object Description  
Inscriptions:   Labels on verso: [Lent to Wildenstein and Co., 3/22/61] Markings on verso: UC in graphite: [33]  
Classification:   Paintings  
Physical Description:   Historical. Charles I, King of England. A helmeted Britannia, wearing violet drapery, holds steady the golden crown which England and Scotland, in red and yellow draperies, suspend above the head of the Infant Charles I. Two putti above support an escutcheon with the arms of the United Kingdom lightly indicated, and a putto below holds a torch to a heap of armor, spears, and dull red banners which the union makes no longer necessary.  
Creation Place:   Europe, Netherlands, , ,  
Accession #:   26.2  
Owner:   The Minneapolis Institute of Arts